Mills, J. P. (2017, June 26). When the Managerial Merry-go-round Stops: A Case Study of how Disconfirming Experiences Affect the Identities of Expert Football Managers. Retrieved from
Publication year: 2017

Due to the highly competitive nature of top level football (i.e., top domestic league or international standard) expert football managers often undergo several disconfirming experiences throughout their careers. However, little is known about how such experiences impact identity. Narrative constructs reveal that during disconfirming episodes’ managers experience feelings of anger, a loss of self-respect, disappointment, and sadness. Further, they also report how confusion regarding their future career prospects leaves them in a state of identity limbo (i.e., identity interference), whereby they were unsure as to how, when or if they should cease their commitment to a valued identity.